All the photos of present-day Geneseo and the Genesee valley were taken with permission from Keith Walter’s Photography facebook page, and more photos can be found here: 

Each of the header images on our website were also taken from Keith Walter’s Photography facebook page with his permission.


Landscape Page Sources

“Genesee River flowing through the Big Bend area of Letchworth Gorge.” New York Heritage digital collections. Image/jpeg, Houghton College,

“View of Genesee River gorge from Inspiration Point.” New York Heritage digital collections. Image/jpeg, Houghton College,

Houghton College Public Information Office. “Letchworth Park waterfall” New York Heritage digital collections. Image/jpeg, Houghton College,

Walters, Keith. Autumn Rays. Facebook, Keith Walters, October 9, 2018,

Walters, Keith. Genesee River Canyon in Autumn. Instagram, Keith Walters, November 2, 2018,


Seneca Nation Page Sources

Richter, Daniel. The Ordeal of the Longhouse. Omohundro Institute and University of North Carolina Press, 1992.

Converse, Harriet Maxwell. Myths And Legends of the New York State Iroquois. Albany, University of the State of New York, 1908.

“The Creation Story.” YouTube, uploaded by Seneca Nation, 17 May, 2017,

“Sacred Economics with Charles Eisenstein.” YouTube, uploaded by Fierce Love Films, 1 Mar, 2012,

SUNY Geneseo Page Sources

Walters, Keith. SUNY Geneseo Sturges Hall. Instagram, Keith Walters, October 11, 2018,

Harry S. Douglass, “The Immortal Mary Jemison” Historical Wyoming,Vol XI, No 2, January 1958. Obtained from:

Stone, William L. “The Life and Times of Sa-Go-Ye-Wat-Ha, or Red-Jacket : Stone, William L. (William Leete), 1792-1844 : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming.” Hathitrust Digital Library, London : F. Warne ; New York : Scribner, Welford, and Armstrong, 1 Jan. 1866, Page 276.

Geneseo Page Sources

 Walters, Keith. Geneseo town fountain with bear statue in the snow. Instagram, Keith Walters, February 2, 2018,

Doty, Lockwood R. History of Livingston County, New York. W. J. Van Deusen, Publisher. 1905


Wadsworth, H. A. Two Hundred and Fifty Years of the Wadsworth Family in America Containing an Account of the Family Reunion, at Duxbury, Mass., September 13, 1882, and a Genealogical Register, Prepared Expressly for This Work. 1883.


Kappler, Charles Joseph. “Agreement with the Seneca, 1797, Page 1029.” Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties, Vol. 2 (Treaties), Government Printing Office, Obtained from: 


Treaties Page Sources

Amrhein, Cindy. A History of Native American Land Rights in Upstate New York. The History Press, 2016.

Seneca Nation of Indians. Seneca Nation of Indians, 2012, Accessed 30 Nov. 2018.

Ganondagan. National Historic Landmark, 2018, Accessed 30 Nov. 2018.

Livingston County Historic Society. Livingston County Historic Society, 2006, Accessed 30 Nov. 2018

Legal Disputes Page Sources

Walters, Keith. Monument Under the Stars. Facebook, Keith Walters, March 21, 2018, ,

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. To Provide for the Renegotiation of Certain Leases of the Seneca Nation: Hearing Before the Committee On Interior And Insular Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, Second Session On H.R. 5367 … Hearing Held In Washington, DC, September 13, 1990. Washington: U.S. G.P.O. , 1991.

Gruson, Lindsay. “Town Learns Indians Are Taking Most of It Back.” The New York Times. The New York Times. December 2, 1991. Page 00001.

Maps Page Sources

A Map of Genesee Lands in the county of Ontario and State of New York according to an accurate survey which was made of the same. Albany R.H. Pease. 1790

Map of the County of Livingston. Ithaca, Stone and Clark. 1840.

Map of Livingston County New York. New York. Rand McNally. c. 1900.

Alvord’s Map of Livingston County. Rochester, NY. William P. Munger. 1940.

Geneseo, New York Quadrangle. Washington, D.C. West Geological Survey. 1950.

A Map of the Seneca Villages and the Jesuit and French Contacts 1615-1708. Rochester, NY. Helen M. Erickson. 1931.

To His Excellency William Tryon, Esq; Sir As you have been pleased to address yourself, in a public manner, to the inhabitants of this province, at large, an apology can hardly be necessary for the freedom I use in conveying my sentiments to you. Albany, J.E. Gavit. 1771.



General Sources

Merrill, Arch. Land of the Senecas. Empire State Books, 1986.

“Geneseo, New York – A Great Place to Visit, Raise a Family or Retire.” History of Geneseo, Promote Geneseo,

Greer, Allan. Property and Dispossession: Natives, Empires and Land in Early Modern North America. Cambridge University Press, 2018.

Amrhein, Cindy. A History of Native American Land Rights in Upstate New York. The History Press, 2016.